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All Things Garden

20 Awesome Avocado Varieties (Type A & Type B Avocados Explained)

Welcome to the world of avocados! And what a wonderful wide world it is. Hass, the most common type of avocado that you’ll find in grocery stores, is only one of dozens of avocado varieties around. To be honest, Hass isn’t necessarily the best one either! It just happens to be the most marketable because it ships and stores so well. Don’t get me wrong, Hass are great. We grow Hass and thoroughly enjoy the fruit! It is a beautiful tree. Yet there are plenty of other avocado varieties with unique qualities that deserve recognition too.

This article explores the attributes of 20 different awesome avocado varieties. You will learn about each of their growing habits, tree size, cold tolerance and hardiness zone, fruit characteristics, and more. We’ll also discuss the difference between Type A and Type B avocado varieties, and their important relationship in cross-pollination. 

Perhaps you’re here because you’re interested in growing your own avocados? That’s great! Once you read this article and choose what avocado varieties you want to grow, check out our extensive “how to grow avocados” guide. Or, if you’re here simply to learn more about avocado varieties – welcome! I hope you enjoy the read and learn something new.

The understory of a Hass Avocado is shown. It is loaded with hanging fruit that are about the size of small. baseballs. A hand is reaching into the  canopy and is holding one of the hanging fruits.The evening sun is shining filtered light through the canopy.
Our Hass tree. We also grow Sir Prize and Fuerte avocados.

Before we dive into all of the specific avocado varieties, let’s talk about them in terms of two larger groups first: Type A and Type B avocados.  (or, larger groups – their race, and flower type…

Type A vs Type B Avocados & Cross-Pollination 

Every variety of avocado on the list below falls into either the Type A or Type B category. For example, Hass is a Type A and Fuerte is a Type B.  To encourage optimal fruit development, it is best if both a type A and type B avocado tree are planted close by.  

While ideal, it is not absolutely necessary to have one of each type. Most avocados varieties are considered “self-fruitful” and therefore do not need a partner tree for cross-pollination. Even without a friend, they should develop some avocado fruit. Hass and Reed are particularly good at providing a decent crop when grown solo. On the other hand, having that opposite Type A or Type B partner tree around basically guarantees a much larger and more successful crop.

One study even showed over a 50% increase in fruit development in Hass when provided a cross-pollinator tree (Vrecenar-Gadus and Ellstrand, 1985). Other avocado varieties are especially dependent on a partner tree and perform even poorer without one, such as Pinkertons. Avocado pollination is primarily accomplished by bees, and less so by wind.

If you are interested in growing avocados, consider planting two different avocado trees in your yard. Yet if you don’t have the space, other avocado trees in your neighborhood may be sufficient to provide cross-pollination to your tree. How close do avocado cross pollinator trees need to be? Some internet sources say within 25 to 30 feet. Yet others say within a few neighborhood blocks. Essentially, if avocado trees are common in your area, you should be just fine with one. 

A two part image collage, the first image shows a close up image of male stage flowers from a Hass avocado tree. The petals are open about halfway. The second image shows female stage flowers from a Fuerte avocado tree, the petals are all the way open, even hanging downwards. Depending on the type you grow, their male and female flowers will open at different times of the day.
Two different trees/types of avocados blooming in our yard on the same afternoon. On the left, a Hass (Type A) in the male stage – more closed up and the stigma no longer receptive. On the right, a Fuerte (Type B) in the female stage – open wide, and receptive to pollen shed from nearby male Type A’s (like the Hass across the yard).

What is the difference between Type A and Type B avocados?

Avocados have very unique flowers. Rather than having separate male and female flowers like some plants, or both male and female anatomy available to interact within the same blossom as others do – avocado flowers essentially change sexes! Type A avocados bloom with their female reproductive parts available first, and do so in the morning. Type B avocado flowers also open in the morning, but in their male phase. Then, each of them pull a switcheroo – and the flowers open as the opposite sex the following day in the afternoon. 

Because avocado flowers take turns exposing their male and female parts, it is more difficult for a single tree to pollinate itself and thus bear fruit. Again, it does happen… but to a lesser extent than when an opposite Type A or Type B is around, wagging their complimentary sex parts around. That is why in nearly all commercial avocado ranches, you’ll find multiple avocado varieties grown nearby to increase cross-pollination. The most common partnership is Hass and Fuerte. 

A chart showing a type A and type B cultivar on the left with with a Day 1 and Day two on the top of the chart, each day has a morning and afternoon section. There is a male and female symbol that is assigned to each part of the day. The type A and B avocados show that there male and female flowers are both open at the same time of day.
Type A and Type B avocado flower blooming behavior. Chart courtesy of University of California Agriculture & Natural Resources

Interestingly enough, there are other commonalities between the avocado varieties of each Type A or Type B group – beyond their blooming behaviors! Consider the fruit itself.

Several of the Type A avocados are quite Hass-like, or descendants from Hass itself. That is, they have thick firm skin with rich and nutty flesh, high in oil content. They’re known to be exceptionally creamy.

In contrast, most of the Type B avocados are considered “greenskins”. They’re usually more thin-skinned, fragile, and may have slightly more watery flesh with lower oil content. Consequently, Type B avocados are less popular among the commercial avocado industry as they damage easily in shipping and processing. Even more reason to grow your own: to enjoy avocado varieties otherwise not readily available! Some people find the flavor and texture of Type B’s inferior to Type A’s. I personally love many from each group.


At a Glance

All avocado varieties have many things in common: They’re evergreen perennial trees, generally do best in USDA hardiness zones 8 or 9 through 11, and don’t tolerate extreme heat or freezing temperatures well. That is, with the exception of some hardy Mexican varieties – highlighted below. Avocado trees enjoy ample sunshine and water, but impeccably free-draining soil and absolutely no standing water.

And of course, the best commonality of all: they supply delicious, rich, creamy avocado fruit! The most sure-fire way to get a prolific fruit-bearing avocado tree is to purchase a young grafted nursery tree, which should bear fruit within 2 to 4 years on average. On the other hand, pit-grown trees can take 10-15 years to produce fruit and also will not “breed true” to the parent seed. Note that avocados do not ripen on the tree. They must be harvested once mature, and allowed to finish ripening for 3 to 10 days at room temperature. 

A wicker basket full a freshly harvested vegetables. The front of the basket has a pile of fava beans while the back contains bok choy and lacinato kale leaves. The middle of the basket contains five large Hass avocados and one extra large Sir Prize avocado.
Harvesting green Hass and Sir Prize avocados, because they don’t ripen on the tree. The time it takes for avocados to mature on the tree varies with the variety. Some may be ready several months after fruit sets (the same year) while many other types are harvested a year or longer after the initial fruit set, like Hass. Read each variety’s bloom vs harvest time below!

Type A Avocado Varieties

Hass, Pinterton, Lamb Hass, Carmen Hass, Gwen, Reed, Mexicola Grande, Stewart, Holiday, Pryor (aka Fantastic), Opal (aka Lila)

Type B Avocado Varieties

Fuerte, Bacon, Zutano, Sir Prize, Joey, Winter Mexican, Brogdon, and Wilma aka Brazos Belle

Both Type A and Type B

There is one special variety of avocado that has both type A and type B flowers at once. The Wurtz or “ Little Cado” is also the only true dwarf avocado variety. Between its compact size, superior self-fertility, and ability to bear fruit sooner than most – the Little Cado is awesome for backyard gardens and small spaces. See more details below.

Most-Cold Hardy* Avocado Varieties

Joey, Bacon, Opal (aka Lila), Pryor (aka Fantastic),  Mexicola Grande, Wilma (Brazos Belle), and Brogdon. Each of these avocado varieties is described more below, including the temperatures they’re known to be tolerant of. 

*Please note that avocado trees are most tolerant of the cold temperatures listed once they are mature and established, or 3-5 years old. Young trees will require additional protection.

Now, let’s go over each of these in detail!

A diagram showing the cross section of eight different avocado varieties with their variety listed below. Their shape and pit to flesh ratio all vary slightly.
A handful of the avocado varieties we’ll explore. Photo courtesy of CureJoy



  • Flower/Pollination: Type A
  • Zones: 9-11
  • Growing Habits: Up to 35 feet, though can be kept pruned to be shorter (as with all avocado trees) 
  • Cold-Hardy to: Frost-sensitive below 32F.  Also less heat tolerant than some avocado varieties, such as the more heat-hardy Mexicola, Lamb Hass, and Reed. 
  • Fruit Characteristics: Creamy, nutty, high-fat flesh and medium-large fruit. Thick textured skin that turns dark green to black when ripe.  
  • Bloom Time: February to May 
  • Ripens: April through September – from the previous years flowers, as Hass fruits stay on the tree for 12 to 14 months. 
  • Other Unique Facts: The Hass variety was first bred in a Southern California backyard in the 1930s. However, the Hass wasn’t grown and marketed on a large scale until the late 1970s. Both Hass and Reed avocado varieties provide a decent crop when grown solo (without a pollinating partner). 

A two part image collage, the first image shows a close up of a hanging Hass avocado fruit. A hand is cradling it from the underneath to help illustrate its size. The second image shows the understory of a Hass avocado tree with many small fruit hanging from its branches. These fruit are probably only a couple months old and need much more time to mature.
Hass take a very long time to mature on the tree! These photo of our baby Hass fruit was taken in July 2019. The fruit first set earlier that spring, but will not be harvested until spring to summer 2020.


  • Flower/Pollination: Type A
  • Zones: 9-11
  • Growing Habits: The Pinkteron tree is considered more manageable than some other avocado varieties. Medium size but with a sprawling canopy.
  • Cold-Hardy to: 30F
  • Fruit Characteristics: A heavy and early producer of oblong slender pear-shaped fruits. Pintertons have excellent rich nutty flavor much like Hass, but with notably smaller pit – making them exceptionally popular. The skin is moderately thick, pebbled, easy to peel, and stays green as the fruit ripens. 
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Ripens: November to April
  • Other Unique Facts: Pinkertons are particularly dependent on having a Type B pollinator partner tree around to have a good fruit set. 


  • Flower/Pollination: Type A
  • Zones: 10-11
  • Growing Habits: Reed trees grow more slender and upright than some other avocado varieties. When paired with good pruning, it can make for a good compact tree in tighter spaces. Though it is still a large tree, reaching up to 37 feet at maturity.  Known to be very prolific, and also produce well without a partner pollinator tree. 
  • Cold-Hardy to: Frost sensitive below 32F. More tolerant to heat than Hass.
  • Fruit Characteristics: Produces huge round fruit reminiscent of green softballs. Thick slightly pebbled skin peels easily to reveal extremely buttery flesh with excellent flavor. Reed fruit easily weigh over a pound each, and are the largest of all avocados! 
  • Bloom Time: Spring to summer
  • Ripens: The following summer. Like Hass, they need nearly a year on the tree after first developing!
  • Other Unique Facts: Reed avocados require less water than Hass – a real perk in drought-ridden California! Lower-fuss and vigorous, making it a good choice for new avocado growers. 

An image showing two hands holding one half of a cut Reed avocado. The other half that still contains the pit is laying on a cutting board next it. A piece of cardboard is in the image and it has red writing on it that says "Reed". There are  also two other whole, ripe avocados on the table next to the cutting board.
A big fat Reed avocado (center and right) from Greg Alder. The other two whole avos shown are not Reed.

Lamb Hass

  • Flower/Pollination: Type A
  • Zones: 9-11
  • Growing Habits: Medium size upright and compact tree. Lamb-Hass is a cross between the traditional Hass Avocado and a Gwen (semi dwarf) Avocado varieties. 
  • Cold-Hardy to: Sensitive below 30°F. More heat-tolerant than Hass.
  • Fruit Characteristics: Similar to Hass. Excellent flavor and high oil content. The thick pebbly skin turns black as the fruit ripens, isn’t as pliable as Hass and therefore less easy to peel. 
  • Bloom Time: Late winter to spring
  • Ripens: The following April to November. The Lamb Hass has a longer and later season than Hass (extends the typical Hass season), but also takes slightly longer to mature on the tree. Give Lamb Hass at least one year (up to 18 months) on the tree after the fruit first develops until harvest. 
  • Other Unique Facts: Slightly more cold-hardy and heat-tolerant than classic Hass.

Carmen Hass

  • Flower/Pollination: Type A
  • Zones: 9-11
  • Growing Habits: A medium-large tree (up to 30 feet) with a round, dense canopy. More dense than Hass.
  • Cold-Hardy to: 30°F
  • Fruit Characteristics: Very similar to Hass, but slightly smaller fruit. Excellent flavor and high oil content. Pebbly thick skin that turns black as the fruit ripens. 
  • Bloom Time: Carmen is unique in that it has two distinct blooming seasons, one in spring and often another in late summer.
  • Ripens: November through the following September to October (bears fruit a couple of months earlier than standard Hass)

A 10 to 12 foot Hass avocado tree bathing in the evening sun. There is a neighboring house in the background while there is a Magnolia and fig tree planted around  its vicinity. There are also nasturtiums growing along the ground with many pink flowers blooming.
Our 5 year old Hass tree. The Carmen Hass is similar, but with a more dense canopy (meaning it would block those neighbors even better!)


  • Flower/Pollination: Type A
  • Zones: 9-11
  • Growing Habits: One of the smaller avocado varieties, naturally maxing out tree height around 15 feet.  Can be pruned and maintained smaller as well. 
  • Cold-Hardy to: 30°F
  • Fruit Characteristics: Similar to Hass in regards to fruit texture and flavor (nutty and buttery) but slightly less creamy. The fruit are a tad larger than Hass, with thick pebbled skin that turns dark green when ripe rather than black. 
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Ripens: the following May- September.
  • Other Unique Facts: Due to the compact size and prolific fruit production, Gwen is a great urban backyard tree – and able to grow in large suitable containers. 

Mexicola Grande

  • Flower/Pollination: Type A
  • Zones: 8b-11
  • Growing Habits: Considered a vigorous grower and producer, bearing fruit regularly and heavily. A large avocado tree, reaching heights of 40 feet or greater. 
  • Cold-Hardy to: 20-22°F (down to 18°F for short periods or once quite mature).
  • Fruit Characteristics: Large fruits of almost a pound each, including a large pit. The leathery skin is dark green to black when ripe, and the fruit has a nice nutty flavor. 
  • Bloom Time: Mid spring to early summer
  • Ripens: August to October
  • Other Unique Facts: Mexicola is the most cold-hardy of these Type A’s. It is also more heat-hardy than Hass.

Stewart (Stuart)

  • Flower/Pollination:  Type A
  • Zones: 8b-10
  • Growing Habits: Medium size tree, more compact than Mexicola Grande – reaching about 20 to 25 feet when fully mature and without pruning.
  • Cold-Hardy to: 20-22°F
  • Fruit Characteristics: Similar to Mexicola Grande (described above) with pear-shaped fruit and very creamy, nutty-flavored flesh. The thin leathery skin turns dark purple to black when ripe. 
  • Bloom time: Spring
  • Ripens: October to December
  • Other Unique Facts: Stewart is an offspring from Mexicola, but more compact. Exhibits B-like characteristics, though it is a type A pollinator.

An image showing a pile of five different avocados on a table. Each avocado variety has been written on its skin with a chalk type pen. There is a Stuart, Zutano. Bacon, Hass, and Fuerte shown and labeled as such.
Image from Greg Alder


  • Flower/Pollination:  Type A
  • Zones: 9-11
  • Growing Habits: Semi-dwarf, usually reaching a maximum of 12 to 15 feet tall. Distinct weeping canopy.
  • Cold-Hardy to: Sensitive below 30°F
  • Fruit Characteristics: Known for its large oval fruit that stays green as they ripen. Medium oil content and good flavor.
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Ripens: September to January.  
  • Other Unique Facts:  Holiday got its name for ripening during the holiday season. Due to the compact size and prolific fruit production, Holiday is a great choice for small backyards and container-gardening. 

Pryor/Del Rio (sometimes called Fantastic)

  • Flower/Pollination:  Type A
  • Zones: 8-11
  • Growing Habits: A medium-large tree that can reach 25 to 30 feet high
  • Cold-Hardy to: 15 to 18°F (once established)
  • Fruit Characteristics: Fairly small fruit with medium to olive green thin skin. The texture is creamy and has good oil content, with mild flavor. 
  • Bloom Time:  Winter through late spring
  • Ripens: August to November
  • Other Unique Facts: Note that Pryor/Del Rio is the true variety and rootstock that consistently exhibits the characteristics described above. “Fantastic” avocado trees are often grafted onto Pryor rootstock and essentially become one in the same, and are often marketed as such. However, there has been noted variation between Fantastic trees (e.g. they may sometimes be grafted onto other less cold-hardy rootstock). 

A hand is holding four smaller fruit. There are two different types, the two on the left are small, roundish and green in color while the two on the right are are longer, slender pear shape and black in color.
Del Rio (Pryor) on the left, and Wilma on the right (described below). Photo courtesy of Florida Fruit Geek

Opal aka Lila

  • Flower/Pollination: Type A 
  • Zones: 8b/9-11
  • Growing Habits: A smaller avocado tree, reaching 15 to 20 feet on average.
  • Cold-Hardy to: 15°F for short periods of time, otherwise 20 to 22°F
  • Fruit Characteristics: Considered very rich and nutty. Medium-size, pear-shaped fruit that stay green when ripe. 
  • Bloom Time: Later winter through spring
  • Ripens: July to November
  • Other Unique Facts: Lila is a genetic clone of Opal, and is considered to be the second most cold hardy of all Mexican avocado varieties.



  • Flower/Pollination: Type B
  • Zones: 9-11
  • Growing Habits: A large tree (up to 35 feet) with a wide sprawling canopy.
  • Cold-Hardy to: Cold-hardy down to 28°F. Protect from cool coastal wind for best fruit set. Like Hass, Fuerte is less heat-tolerant than some avocado varieties.
  • Fruit Characteristics: Produces large long oval green-ripening fruit, with leathery skin that is easy to peel. Fuerte is known for its excellent flavor and creaminess, but with slightly less oil content than Type A avocado varieties. 
  • Bloom Time: May to November
  • Ripens: November to April
  • Other Unique Facts: The Fuerte is the second most popular commercial variety behind Hass, and commonly grown as a cross-pollinator for Hass. 

An image showing a close up of a Hass on the left and a Fuerte on the right. The Hass is more round in shape while the Fuerte is larger in size with a slightly more tapered neck.
The two most common commercial avocados, and often grown together. Hass on the left, Fuerte on the right. Photo credit to Greg Alder at The Yard Posts


  • Flower/Pollination:  Type B
  • Zones: 8b-11
  • Growing Habits: Medium and upright. Reaches an average of 20 feet in height when mature, a tad smaller than many other avocado varieties
  • Cold-Hardy to: down to 24-26°F, making it a popular variety in colder climates.
  • Fruit Characteristics: Large green smooth fruit stay green (but darken slightly) as they ripen. The skin is quite thin, making them difficult to peel. Plan to scoop with a spoon! Bacon avocado flesh is yellow and creamy, but with less oil content than Hass. Typically larger fruit than Hass, but not quite as big as Reeds.
  • Bloom Time: Late winter into spring
  • Ripens: the following December through February 
  • Other Unique Facts: Bacon is noted to be a good producer, even without a partner pollinator tree around. Yet as Type B, it is very commonly planted as a companion for Type A avocado varieties. 

Sir Prize

  • Flower/Pollination: Type B
  • Zones: 9-11
  • Growing Habits: Medium size upright tree, reaching 25 to 35 when fully mature. 
  • Cold-Hardy to: Frost-sensitive below 32°F. 
  • Fruit Characteristics: More like Type A avocado varieties in regards to flesh texture and fat content. As a descendant from Hass, Sir Prize is very similar – with creamy, nutty flesh that turns black as it ripens, but grows larger fruit with a smaller pit!
  • Bloom Time: Spring to Summer
  • Ripens: Earlier than Hass, in winter to early spring.
  • Other Unique Facts: Sir Prize is said to have the largest flesh-to-pit ratio of all the commercial avocado varieties. Also, supposedly the fruit doesn’t turn brown (oxidize) when cut or kept refrigerated. 

A two part image collage, the first image shows a hand holding a large Sir Prize avocado against a light cedar fence. The size of the fruit is larger than the palm of the hand. The second d image shows the same avocado after it has been cut in half, revealing the flesh to pit ratio inside. The flesh is greenish yellow with a small pit residing in the middle.
A Sir Prize avocado from our tree. Look at that killer flesh-to-pit ratio!


  • Flower/Pollination:  Type B
  • Zones: 8b-11
  • Growing Habits: A large avocado tree, reaching heights over 40 feet when mature.
  • Cold-Hardy to: 26°F
  • Fruit Characteristics: Medium large good-tasting fruit (similar to Fuerte in appearance) with thin green-ripening skin. Zutano fruit are lower in oil and higher in water content, making them less rich, creamy, and flavorful than many other avocado varieties
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Ripens: October to February
  • Other Unique Facts: Zutano is known to be a very consistent and heavy producer.

Winter Mexican

  • Flower/Pollination: Type B
  • Zones: 8b -11
  • Growing Habits: Up to 40 feet or taller after 25 years of growth 
  • Cold-Hardy to: 20°F degrees for short periods, otherwise 25°F once established
  • Fruit Characteristics: The flesh from Winter Mexican avocados is similar to the Hass, but with smaller fruit on average. Produces quite early. 
  • Bloom Time: Mid spring to early summer
  • Ripens: November to January 
  • Other Unique Facts: While this tree is fairly cold-hardy, don’t let the name “winter” lead you to think it is the most cold-hardy of Mexican avocado varieties! Those would be Joey, Pryor, Wilma and Mexicola Grande. It is a Mexican-Guatemalen hybrid, less cold-hardy than pure Mexican types. Rather, this avocado gets its name from the time of year it bears fruit.


  • Flower/Pollination:  Type B
  • Zones: 8b-11
  • Growing Habits: Mature trees reach over 30 feet tall, with a very upright and dense canopy.
  • Cold-Hardy to: 24°F
  • Fruit Characteristics: The flesh from this variety is very buttery and yellow, said to be “perfect for guacamole”. It produces quite large fruit, with smooth skin that turns dark purple as it ripens.
  • Bloom Time: Mid spring to early summer
  • Ripens: August to November

Four whole Brogdon avocados are shown while a fifth has been cut in half to show the flesh inside. A hand is holding the half that contains the pit which is rather large compared to the flesh. The skin of the avocados is shiny black and smooth.
Brogdon (Brogden) avocados from Florida Fruit Geek


  • Flower/Pollination:  Type B
  • Zones: 8b – 11
  • Growing Habits: Grow to 25 feet or taller
  • Cold-Hardy to: 15 to 18°F (for a short period of time)
  • Fruit Characteristics: Considered a “heavy producer” of small egg-shaped fruit. The thin skin is dark purple to black, and the flesh is described as flavorful and nutty. 
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Ripens: August to October
  • Other Unique Facts: Everything I see about Joey describes it as “self-fruitful” (though all avocados technically are, to a degree).This variety may perform particularly well without a pollinator partner tree.

Wilma aka Brazos Belle

  • Flower/Pollination:  Type B
  • Zones: 8-11
  • Growing Habits: Tree reaches 20 to 25 feet when mature. Can begin to produce fruit at 1 to 2 years of age (grown from a grafted nursery tree).
  • Cold-Hardy to: 15 to 18°F. One of the most cold-tolerant avocado varieties!
  • Fruit Characteristics: The medium-size fruit are long and narrow, with a rich nutty flavor reminiscent of Hass. The thin skin turns purplish black when ripe. 
  • Blooming Time: Winter to spring
  • Ripens: October to November
  • Other Unique Facts:  Like the Pryor/Fantastic name game – Brazos Bell is a genetic clone of Wilma. Wilma is the parent variety, and nursery trees sold as Wilma will come on the most trusted rootstock that consistently exhibit the characteristics described above. However, “Brazos Belle” could potentially be grafted onto different rootstock and therefore be less cold-hardy.

The understory of a Wilma avocado tree is shown. There are a handful of large black tapered fruit with smooth skin hanging from the tree.
Large Wilma avocados on the tree. Photo from Garden Oracle

Both Type A & B Flowers

Wurtz aka “ Little Cado” 

  • Flower/Pollination:  Both Type A and B
  • Zones: 9-11
  • Growing Habits: Reaches 10 to 15 feet in height maximum (10 to 12 is average) 
  • Cold-Hardy to: Frost sensitive below 32F
  • Fruit Characteristics: Provides ample good-tasting small to medium-size fruit. The skin is fairly thin and stays green as the fruit ripens. 
  • Blooming Time: Late winter through spring 
  • Ripens: May- September
  • Other Unique Facts:  This is the only true dwarf avocado variety and bears fruit young! Therefore, Little Cado makes for a great backyard tree and can also be grown in large containers – such as a half wine barrel, with ample drainage holes added. 

Three young avocado trees that are about 6 feet tall are shown. They have been planted in wine barrels and are each sitting on a pallet.
“Little Cado” trees planted in wine barrels from Bald Mountain Nursery

And that concludes this exploration of 20 awesome avocado varieties.

Uhm, who else is hungry now? I sure am. Good thing we have a ripe homegrown avocado waiting in the fridge! Are you growing any of the avocados we talked about today? Which ones? Or, did I leave a must-grow type off the list? It was definitely hard to narrow it down, since there are dozens more speciality avocado varieties than I could possibly highlight here.

I hope you found this to be interesting and informative. If so, please spread the avo love and share this article! Feel free to ask questions in the comments below.

Finally, if you live in zones 8-11, I’m thinking you’ll dig these other articles too:

DeannaCat signature keep on growing


We are not personally familiar with all of these avocado varieties. Therefore, I compiled information and photos from a number of expert sources to write this article, including Greg Alder, Rainbow Gardens, A Natural Farm, Backbone Valley Nursery, Florida Fruit Geek, Yamagami’s Nursery, Four Winds Nursery and the University of California. A big thank you to them all!


  • Scott

    When choosing the A & B avocados to plant do you need to match up the “bloom season” also? So that they bloom at the same time.

    • Aaron (Mr. DeannaCat)

      Hi Scott, that is a great question but it isn’t typically something we concern ourselves with. Just pick whatever varieties are of most interest to you and if you have an A and a B tree, that should work out just fine. Good luck!

  • Chethan kumar HM

    Is Reed variety is better than other varieties,. Is cross pollination necessary if we plant on reed variety…

    • Aaron (Mr. DeannaCat)

      Reed avocados are delicious and the fruit is quite large, it is an A type avocado but it is said to be a very good self-pollinator that produces great harvests without the help from other B types trees. Hope that helps and enjoy your tree!

  • doris de simas

    I have a little cado avocado tree that’s at least 10 yrs. old. No flowers never produced fruit. Supposedly no cross pollination required. Both A & B. I live in zone 9 so no weather problems. I fertilize as needed. Well cared for. Very healthy. Should I plant another tree anyway?? Maybe an A?

    • Aaron (Mr. DeannaCat)

      Hi Doris, the Weurtz or lil cado is one that has been hard to nail down as to the type of flowers it has (wether it is an A type of both A/B). It seems a tree that age should be producing fruit by now, especially on that is considered self fruiting. It’s tough to say why it isn’t producing fruit especially when you are taking good care of it. I would look into a more cold hardy type B avocado to plant along with it in hopes that it helps with pollination. Hope that helps and good luck!

      • Viswa

        DORIS says it never had a flower-10 years.

        When there is no flower planting another (A&B) makes a difference ?

        Nice website. I am a newbie on Avocado. Looking forward to learn more.


        • Aaron (Mr. DeannaCat)

          There are various reasons an avocado doesn’t produce flowers from the climate, to soil conditions, as well as the trees age (if it is grown from a pit can take as long as 10-15 years). It sounds like most of the proper conditions are being met in Doris’s case so it is hard to pin down exactly why she hasn’t seen flowers in that amount of time.

  • Scott

    We lived in Panama for several years. We had a tree called “mantequilla” or “butter”. It was the most delicious, very oily avocado I’ve tasted. It was a small green avocado, maybe a Mexican. The closest thing here is the Haas. I’ve tried 5 grafted trees already, here on the Texas Coast, zone 9a. Between record freezes, fungus and disease, etc. None survived. However some rootstock sprang up and is growing very well. I’m going to root a branch from it – to have two trees of rootstock. Then I am going to do some cleft grafts. I will keep the grafted trees for my scion and shelter them as needed. Your website had the exact information I needed. Type A or B and Cold hardy varieties. Thanks.

    • Aaron (Mr. DeannaCat)

      That’s great to hear Scott and good luck on your avocado grafting! It can be tough with unpredictable weather but hopefully you can get them to a larger size where they will be able to handle a little more adverse weather. Thanks for reading!

  • Linda Bonville

    Does anyone know the Variety of Avacado that grows wild in Puerto Rico? The are very large and have a huge pit inside. The skin is thinner.

    • Aaron (Mr. DeannaCat)

      Hi Linda, we don’t know exactly but I would look into the avocados that are grown in South Florida to the Caribbean and see if you can find the exact one you are thinking of. There are quite a few varieties of large, thin skinned avocado varieties grown in more tropical regions. Good luck!

  • Tracy

    I was wondering if you ever use Calcium to feed Avocados to prevent Phytopthera? It is widely known that Calcium ameliorates Blssom End Rot in Tomatoes. Most of the USDA Zone 8-10 in my State (California) is deficient on Calcium. I read somewhere that Calcium also helps Avocados resist root diseases? I have to admit, I love to experiment a bit, this is right up my alley.

    • Aaron (Mr. DeannaCat)

      That’s good to know Tracy and it is something that we have yet to do. We haven’t really made an effort to fertilize our avocado trees as of yet, we plant them with plenty of compost mixed in and that is about it for now. We typically have oyster shell flour amendment on hand which contains 35% calcium so that can be something we top dress the trees with on a yearly basis. Thanks for the insight and good luck!

      • Rich Tygart

        I live in Thailand now and there are a type of avocados here that they call Buccaneer and they are everywhere. They are very big and very delicious and fortunately very very cheap in Thailand, but I can’t find any information on them outside of Thailand. Is there a different name in the West for them or are the species cultivated only in Thailand?

        • Aaron (Mr. DeannaCat)

          Hello Rich, I have never heard of Buccaneer avocados but it looks like they are their own variety and that is what they are referred to throughout the world. It looks like they may be grown in Florida here in the US so it seems they do favor a more tropical climate like you would find in Thailand. From some information I found it looks like they taste really good when ripe, however, they can ripen rather quickly which probably has limited their commercial cultivation here in the states. Hope that helps and enjoy your Buccaneer avocados!

        • Samuel

          During the winter storm that hit Texas in Feb. 2021 I use an A frame ladder over my avocado tree. I wrapped the ladder with a blanket then a tarp and place a heat lamp inside. My tree lost all of its flowers and did not fruit but it survived the 15 degree weather. So many in the Houston area lost their avocado. This year my tree is much larger and flowers all over. Maybe I’ll get some fruit. Thanks for this edcational article. Oh I also used a generator to keep the lamp on when power went out.

        • Aaron

          Great article about avocado’s !! Keep em coming. Are you familiar with the variety called “Aravaipa” It seems to be a miracle avocado in Arizona, able to withstand very high temperature as well as being pretty cold hardy. Other than that there not much info on it. Is it type A, or B ? What’s the tree size, and how is the fruit ? Just curious. Thanks.

          • Aaron (Mr. DeannaCat)

            Hello Aaron, we aren’t familiar with that variety but it looks to have Type A flowers and it will self-pollinate but will likely produce more fruit with a Type B avocado nearby. Maybe look into a the Winter Mexican variety as a partner as it can stand some extreme temperatures. Hope that helps and good luck!

  • William

    Are there different avocado rootstock vareities or are they all just grow from seed? If so do different vareities of rootstocks affect size or hardiness or disease resistance? Is it possible to root avacado cuttings? If so would a ‘Wurtz’ avocado tree preform better on its own roots or grafted if it was grown indoors?

    • Aaron (Mr. DeannaCat)

      Hi William, avocados can be grown from grafting, cuttings, or from seed (although they do not breed true). I would imagine different root stocks may affect the hardiness and disease resistance but I haven’t hear what is considered to be the “best” rootstock. I think a Wurtz would perform best as is indoors due to its smaller size and lack of cold hardiness. Check out this article all about rootstocks. Hope that helps and good luck!

      • Timmy

        Hey Deanna,

        When you say they do not breed true, can you elaborate? I have a small plant grown from a Sharwil seed which I’m taking to Croatia that does not have other avocados around. What avocados will it produce if not from the original seed? If I take a second tree from seed, say from a Mexicola Grande, what happens?

        I’m happy waiting the ten years, since I can’t import a tree at all, but I’m just curious as to what will actually happen.

        Thank you!

        • Aaron (Mr. DeannaCat)

          Hi Timmy, avocados do not breed true in that you can have a pit or seed from a Hass avocado tree, but the tree that comes from that seed will likely not be very similar to the original Hass variety it came from. It is said that the Hass variety actually came about due to a backyard gardener growing a tree from a seed, however, the chances of that actually occurring were quite small. The Hass has then been carried on and reproduced by cuttings from the original tree, or cuttings from trees that came from the original some way down the line.

          As far as your Sharwil seed, I cannot say what type of tree or fruit you will end up with as there are likely many possibilities. Some may produce fruit that are similar to the original tree, others little to no fruit, it would likely take growing out hundreds of trees from the Sharwil seeds to find something similar to the tree the seed original came from. You are likely better off taking cuttings from known producing avocado trees that can do well in the Mediterranean climate to better your chances of having good avocado trees in Croatia. It’s fine if you are okay waiting ten years before you can tell what type of tree it has become, but you may not necessarily be happy with the outcome depending on what your goals are with the tree initially. Hope that helps and good luck!

  • William

    One of the most comprehensive articels online I found it very informational! I live in zone 7A. Do you think it is possible for me to grow an avocado tree on the south side of a building and use frost bags and Christmas lights to protect the tree? I know its a long shot but it would be neat to have a tree growing in ground in zone 7A.

    • Aaron (Mr. DeannaCat)

      Hi William, I think that is a long shot but it is worth experimenting with if you are up for it. South facing and protected from the wind and elements is a start. Good luck!

  • Eduardo Suastegui

    Would be great if you could add Catalina ( to your list. It’s one of my favorites, a Caribbean/Cuba varietal. I’ve tried to grow it in California from seed (I have a 7-year old tree) with faltering success. The first year it flowered it produced two avocados, which tasted OK, but it has failed to grow fruit on the two subsequent years. I am currently grafting Fuerte (type B vs. A) onto it to see what happens next year. At least I’ll get some Fuerte… maybe. 🙂

    • Aaron (Mr. DeannaCat)

      Thanks for the tip Eduardo, it seems like it would be a good fit for people in more tropical zones. Good luck with your experiment!

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